View Category

Find the distance between two points

cpp
Point p1 = {34, 78}, p2 = {67, -45};
double distance = ::distance(p1, p2);
Console::WriteLine("{0,3:F2}", distance);

Zero pad a number

Given the number 42, pad it to 8 characters like 00000042
cpp
String^ formatted = Convert::ToString(42)->PadLeft(8, '0');
String^ formatted = String::Format("{0,8:D8}", 42);
std::printf("%08d", 42);
std::ostringstream os;
os << std::setw(8) << std::setfill('0') << 42 << std::ends;
std::cout << os.str() << std::endl;
std::cout << boost::format("%|08|") % 42 << std::endl;

Right Space pad a number

Given the number 1024 right pad it to 6 characters "1024  "
cpp
String^ formatted = Convert::ToString(1024)->PadRight(6);
String^ formatted = String::Format("{0,-6:D}", 1024);
std::printf("%-6d\n", 1024);
std::ostringstream os;
os << std::setw(6) << std::setfill(' ') << std::left << 1024 << std::ends;
std::cout << os.str() << std::endl;
std::cout << boost::format("%|-6|") % 1024 << std::endl;

Format a decimal number

Format the number 7/8 as a decimal with 2 places: 0.88
cpp
String^ formatted = String::Format("{0,3:F2}", result);
Console::WriteLine("{0,3:F2}", (7. / 8.));
std::printf("%3.2f\n", result);
std::ostringstream os;
os.width(3); os.fill('0'); os.setf(std::ios::fixed|std::ios::showpoint); os.precision(2);
os << result << std::ends;
std::cout << os.str() << std::endl;
std::cout << boost::format("%|3.2f|") % result << std::endl;

Left Space pad a number

Given the number 73 left pad it to 10 characters "        73"
cpp
String^ formatted = Convert::ToString(73)->PadLeft(10);
String^ formatted = String::Format("{0,10:D}", 73);
std::printf("%10d\n", 73);
std::ostringstream os;
os << std::setw(10) << std::setfill(' ') << 73 << std::ends;
std::cout << os.str() << std::endl;
std::cout << boost::format("%|10|") % 73 << std::endl;

Generate a random integer in a given range

Produce a random integer between 100 and 200 inclusive
cpp
Random^ rnd = gcnew Random;
int rndInt = rnd->Next(100, 201);
std::srand(std::time(NULL));

unsigned lb = 100, ub = 200;
unsigned rnd = lb + (rand() % ((ub - lb) + 1));
typedef boost::uniform_int<> Distribution;
typedef boost::mt19937 RNG;

Distribution distribution(100, 200);
RNG rng; rng.seed(std::time(NULL));
boost::variate_generator<RNG&, Distribution> generator(rng, distribution);

unsigned rnd = generator();

Generate a repeatable random number sequence

Initialise a random number generator with a seed and generate five decimal values. Reset the seed and produce the same values.
cpp
void printAction(int i) { Console::Write("{0} ", i); }

array<int>^ genFillRand(array<int>^ arr, Random^ rnd, int lb, int ub)
{
for (int i = 0; i < arr->Length; ++i) arr[i] = rnd->Next(lb, ub + 1); return arr;
}

int main()
{
array<int>^ arr1 = genFillRand(gcnew array<int>(5), gcnew Random(12345), 100, 200);
array<int>^ arr2 = genFillRand(gcnew array<int>(5), gcnew Random(12345), 100, 200);

Action<int>^ print = gcnew Action<int>(printAction);
Array::ForEach<int>(arr1, print); Console::WriteLine();
Array::ForEach<int>(arr2, print); Console::WriteLine();
}
typedef boost::uniform_int<> Distribution;
typedef boost::mt19937 RNG;

Distribution distribution(100, 200);
RNG rng;
boost::variate_generator<RNG&, Distribution> generator(rng, distribution);

rng.seed(42L);
std::generate_n(std::ostream_iterator<unsigned>(std::cout, " "), 5, generator);

rng.seed(42L);
std::cout << std::endl;
std::generate_n(std::ostream_iterator<unsigned>(std::cout, " "), 5, generator);