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Perform an action if a condition is true (IF .. THEN)

Given a variable name, if the value is "Bob", display the string "Hello, Bob!". Perform no action if the name is not equal.
fantom
if (name=="Bob") echo("Hello, Bob!")

Perform different actions depending on a boolean condition (IF .. THEN .. ELSE)

Given a variable age, if the value is greater than 42 display "You are old", otherwise display "You are young"
fantom
if (age > 42)
echo("You are old")
else
echo("You are young")
echo((age > 42) ? "You are old" : "You are young")

Perform different actions depending on several boolean conditions (IF .. THEN .. ELSIF .. ELSE)

fantom
if (age > 84)
echo("You are really ancient")
else if (age > 30)
echo("You are middle-aged")
else
echo("You are young")

Replacing a conditional with many branches with a switch/case statement

Many languages support more compact forms of branching than just if ... then ... else such as switch or case or match. Use such a form to add an appropriate placing suffix to the numbers 1..40, e.g. 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, ..., 11th, 12th, ... 39th, 40th
fantom
suffix := |Int n -> Str|
{
if ((4..20).contains(n % 100))
return "th"

switch((n.toStr)[-1])
{
case '1': return "st"
case '2': return "nd"
case '3': return "rd"
default: return "th"
}
}

(1..40).each { echo("$it${suffix(it)}") }

Perform an action multiple times based on a boolean condition, checked before the first action (WHILE .. DO)

Starting with a variable x=1, Print the sequence "1,2,4,8,16,32,64,128," by doubling x and checking that x is less than 150.
fantom
x := 1
while (x < 150) {
Env.cur.out.print("$x,")
x *= 2
}
echo

Perform an action multiple times based on a boolean condition, checked after the first action (DO .. WHILE)

Simulate rolling a die until you get a six. Produce random numbers, printing them until a six is rolled. An example output might be "4,2,1,2,6"
fantom
rnd := 0
while(rnd != 6) {
rnd = Int.random(1..6)
Env.cur.out.print(rnd)
if (rnd != 6)
Env.cur.out.print(",")
}
echo

Perform an action a fixed number of times (FOR)

Display the string "Hello" five times like "HelloHelloHelloHelloHello"
fantom
5.times { Env.cur.out.print("Hello") }
for (i := 0; i < 5; i++)
Env.cur.out.print("Hello")
(1..5).each { Env.cur.out.print("Hello") }

Perform an action a fixed number of times with a counter

Display the string "10 .. 9 .. 8 .. 7 .. 6 .. 5 .. 4 .. 3 .. 2 .. 1 .. Liftoff!"
fantom
(10..1).each { Env.cur.out.print("$it .. ") }
Env.cur.out.print("Liftoff!")
for (i := 10; i >= 1; i--)
Env.cur.out.print("$i .. ")
Env.cur.out.print("Liftoff!")