Given a variable name, if the value is
"Bob", display the string
"Hello, Bob!". Perform no action if the name is not equal.
Given a variable age, if the value is greater than 42 display
"You are old", otherwise display
"You are young"
Many languages support more compact forms of branching than just if ... then ... else such as switch or case or match. Use such a form to add an appropriate placing suffix to the numbers 1..40, e.g. 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, ..., 11th, 12th, ... 39th, 40th