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Check if a string matches a regular expression

Display "ok" if "Hello" matches /[A-Z][a-z]+/
ruby
puts "ok" if ("Hello"=~/^[A-Z][a-z]+$/)
clojure
(if (re-matches #"[A-Z][a-z]+" "Hello")
(println "ok"))
cpp
if ((gcnew Regex("[A-Z][a-z]+"))->IsMatch("Hello")) Console::WriteLine("ok");
if (Regex::IsMatch("Hello", "[A-Z][a-z]+")) Console::WriteLine("ok");
Regex^ rx = gcnew Regex("[A-Z][a-z]+");
if (rx->IsMatch("Hello")) Console::WriteLine("ok");
cmatch what;
if (regex_match("Hello", what, regex("[A-Z][a-z]+")))
cout << "ok" << endl;

Check if a string matches with groups

Display "two" if "one two three" matches /one (.*) three/
ruby
puts $1 if "one two three"=~/^one (.*) three$/
clojure
(if-let [groups (re-matches #"one (.*) three" "one two three")]
(println (second groups)))
cpp
Match^ match = Regex::Match("one two three", "one (.*) three");
if (match->Success) Console::WriteLine("{0}", match->Groups[1]->Captures[0]);
cmatch what;
if (regex_match("one two three", what, regex("one (.*) three")))
cout << what[1] << endl;

Check if a string contains a match to a regular expression

Display "ok" if "abc 123 @#$" matches /\d+/
ruby
puts "ok" if (text=~/\d+/)
clojure
(if (re-find #"\d+" "abc 123 @#$")
(println "ok"))
cpp
if (Regex::IsMatch("abc 123 @#$", "\\d+")) Console::WriteLine("ok");

Loop through a string matching a regex and performing an action for each match

Create a list [fish1,cow3,boat4] when matching "(fish):1 sausage (cow):3 tree (boat):4" with regex /\((\w+)\):(\d+)/
ruby
list = text.scan(/\((\w+)\):(\d+)/).collect{|x| x.join}
list=[]
text.scan(/\((\w+)\):(\d+)/) {
list << $1+$2
}
clojure
(let [matcher (re-matcher #"\((\w+)\):(\d+)" "(fish):1 sausage (cow):3 tree (boat):4")]
(loop [match (re-find matcher)
lst []]
(if match
(recur (re-find matcher) (conj lst (str (second match) (nth match 2))))
lst)))
cpp
Match^ match = Regex::Match("(fish):1 sausage (cow):3 tree (boat):4", "\\((\\w+)\\):(\\d+)");

while (match->Success)
{
list->Add(match->Groups[1]->Captures[0]->ToString() + match->Groups[2]->Captures[0]->ToString());
match = match->NextMatch();
}

Replace the first regex match in a string with a static string

Transform "Red Green Blue" into "R*d Green Blue" by replacing /e/ with "*"
ruby
p "Red Green Blue".sub(/e/,'*')
clojure
(.replaceFirst (re-matcher #"e" "Red Green Blue") "*")
cpp
String^ Replaced = (gcnew Regex("e"))->Replace("Red Green Blue", "*", 1);

Replace all regex matches in a string with a static string

Transform "She sells sea shells" into "She X X shells" by replacing /se\w+/ with "X"
ruby
replaced = text.gsub(/se\w+/,"X")
clojure
(.replaceAll (re-matcher #"se\w+" "She sells sea shells") "X")
cpp
String^ Replaced = (gcnew Regex("se\\w+"))->Replace("She sells sea shells", "X");
String^ Replaced = Regex::Replace("She sells sea shells", "se\\w+", "X");

Replace all regex matches in a string with a dynamic string

Transform "The {Quick} Brown {Fox}" into "The kciuQ Brown xoF" by reversing words in braces using the regex /\{(\w+)\}/.
ruby
"The {Quick} Brown {Fox}".gsub(/\{(\w+)\}/) {|s| s[1..-2].reverse }
clojure
(def *string* "The {Quick} Brown {Fox}")
(def *regex* (re-pattern #"\{(\w+)\}"))

(println
(loop [result ""
src *string*
replace-strs (re-seq *regex* *string*)]
(if (empty? src)
result
(let [[match replacement] (first replace-strs)]
(if (= (first src) (first match))
; At the beginning of a sequence that should be replaced.
; Do replacement of a single match
(recur (str result (apply str (reverse replacement)))
(drop (count match) src)
(rest replace-strs))
; else, just copy one char from the source to the result
(recur (str result (first src))
(rest src)
replace-strs))))))
(clojure.string/replace "The {Quick} Brown {Fox}"
#"\{(\w+)\}"
(fn [[_ word]] (apply str (reverse word))))
cpp
String^ Replaced = (gcnew Regex("{(\\w+)}"))->Replace("The {Quick} Brown {Fox}", gcnew MatchEvaluator(&RegRep::RepGroup));
String^ Replaced = Regex::Replace("The {Quick} Brown {Fox}", "{(\\w+)}", gcnew MatchEvaluator(&RegRep::RepGroup));