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Check if a string matches a regular expression

Display "ok" if "Hello" matches /[A-Z][a-z]+/
ruby
puts "ok" if ("Hello"=~/^[A-Z][a-z]+$/)

Check if a string matches with groups

Display "two" if "one two three" matches /one (.*) three/
ruby
puts $1 if "one two three"=~/^one (.*) three$/

Check if a string contains a match to a regular expression

Display "ok" if "abc 123 @#$" matches /\d+/
ruby
puts "ok" if (text=~/\d+/)

Loop through a string matching a regex and performing an action for each match

Create a list [fish1,cow3,boat4] when matching "(fish):1 sausage (cow):3 tree (boat):4" with regex /\((\w+)\):(\d+)/
ruby
list = text.scan(/\((\w+)\):(\d+)/).collect{|x| x.join}
list=[]
text.scan(/\((\w+)\):(\d+)/) {
list << $1+$2
}

Replace the first regex match in a string with a static string

Transform "Red Green Blue" into "R*d Green Blue" by replacing /e/ with "*"
ruby
p "Red Green Blue".sub(/e/,'*')

Replace all regex matches in a string with a static string

Transform "She sells sea shells" into "She X X shells" by replacing /se\w+/ with "X"
ruby
replaced = text.gsub(/se\w+/,"X")

Replace all regex matches in a string with a dynamic string

Transform "The {Quick} Brown {Fox}" into "The kciuQ Brown xoF" by reversing words in braces using the regex /\{(\w+)\}/.
ruby
"The {Quick} Brown {Fox}".gsub(/\{(\w+)\}/) {|s| s[1..-2].reverse }